Although eye diseases in children are spreading almost everywhere, they are more prevalent in poor countries, due to parents’ ignorance, lack of awareness, and neglect
which can lead their children to complete loss of vision, and there are some things that can appear In children of one year of age, which indicate a visual problem they have, and therefore require follow-up of parents and awareness and observation until it is detected early.
The most common eye disease in children
Amblyopia, also called ocular aberration, can infect children in one eye or both eyes, which makes their one-way vision be unbalanced, amblyopia can be outward or inward or up or down, and amblyopia can be inclusive For all these trends together, this disease affects 2 percent of children, and appears at birth or the first months of life, and is the result of a defect in the muscles responsible for moving the eye, and treatment of strabismus is: medical glasses, eye muscle surgery, or orthodontic treatment.
Amblyopia, also called lazy eye disease, is an eye disease that affects about 3 to 5 percent of children, a vision impairment in a child that is not sufficiently stimulated in early childhood, and can also occur due to a presence around the child, or the disease may be due to the ability of one eye to focus more than the other eye, and this condition should be detected in childhood and treated immediately, otherwise visual impairment persists throughout the person’s life.
In this case, the child sees distant objects clearly, but nearby objects are confused for him so that the eyeball is short and focused light behind the eye instead of located on the retina, and therefore the eye makes a lot of effort for focused vision, vision appears blurred.
Unlike nearsightedness, nearsightedness is clearly seen by the child, but distant objects are blurred. This is because the eyeball is a bit long so the light is off the retina, resulting in a clear view of only nearby objects and objects.
Optical refraction defects
Optical refraction causes poor eyesight and eye strain, or lazy eye cases, and the most common causes of refraction are myopia, which appears in children of school age, and glasses are worn in this case for treatment, which must be done immediately otherwise it develops for the lazy eye.
Astigmatism is a deformity of the cornea of the eye, resulting in blurred vision. This condition often begins from childhood and may last until adulthood, but can be easily repaired in several ways. This condition can cause headaches, eye strain, fatigue, and difficulty in reading.
Conjunctivitis is a disease whose symptoms appear in the form of redness in the thin membrane that lines the eyelid. There are two types of conjunctivitis: allergic conjunctivitis and viscous conjunctivitis, which is transmitted but not dangerous. Allergic reactions require special treatment, and its symptoms disappear and appear suddenly.
Blockage of the nasal tear duct
The disease is a blockage of the tear duct and therefore prevents the passage of the nose, and most cases infected with the disease disappears on their own during the first year, by parents massage the inner corner of the eyelid, and this leads to the opening of the tear duct, and can with this case Some symptoms may appear, such as redness, and if the condition persists above one year of life, a tear may be needed.